Where did the white and liver come from?
From "THE NEW MINIATURE SCHNAUZER, THE BREED SINCE CH. DOREM DISPLAY" by Dan Kiedrowski:
The oldest Miniature Schnauzer registered was a black bitch, Findel, whelped in October 1888. Of the first eight bitches registered in the first volume, three were black, three were yellow, one black and tan and only one was described as pepper and salt. The six males included no blacks. Four were yellow of various shades, one was black and tan and again only one was pepper and salt.
Leda Martin recalled Flieger (an imported dog she speaks of below) as follows:
In 1930, I imported Flieger Heinzelmannchen. He died before he gained his title, but fortunately sired a few puppies. He was a lovely gray salt and pepper, and threw his color in a day when the majority of our dogs were cinnamon, black and tan or black and silver, or a rather unpleasant combination of the three...
From the above information, it is not surprising to me at all that we see white & liver in this breed.
Safe Vacine Protocols
The vaccines that can ruin your dog's health.
The American Animal Hospital Association lists only 3 vaccines as "core vaccines" - distemper, parvovirus and adenovirus - and they specify these should NOT be given to adult dogs more frequently than every 3 years. Excessive vaccinations can aggravate autoimmune disease and cancer. If a boarding kennel operator or training school asks for proof of more recent vaccinations, ask if you can provide an antibody titer test that shows your dog is properly immunized, instead. For the best in alternative and natural health care for your dog subscribe to The Whole Dog Journal today!.